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The State

of the States

California

The Golden State

Land of Hollywood and start-ups like Facebook, California is America’s most populated state. An ethnically diverse state, nearly 40% of the population is Hispanic or Latinx, and around that number speak a language other than English at home. Their electoral practice stands out from most other states, as they hold primaries where anyone can vote, where the top two vote-getters advance to the general election, regardless of their political party. The Democratic Party holds the governorship, state house, and state senate, making California one of 14 Democratic ‘trifectas’.

State capital

Sacramento

Population 2017

39536653

Largest city

Los Angeles

Year entered union

1850

State flower

Poppy

Motto

"Eureka"

  • Dem

    Governor

  • 40 Total Seats

    State Senate

    • 11
    • 29
    • 0
    • 0
    80 Total Seats

    State Assembly

    • 20
    • 60
    • 0
    • 0

    Democrats

    Republicans

    Independent

    Vacancies

    Policies & Political Updates

    • New report: State's black lawyers are three times more likely to be disciplined than white attorneys

      Justice and the courts

      15/11/2019

    • Governor Newsom calls for more oversight over state's jails

      Incarceration and recidivism

      14/11/2019

    • Is the state's ammunition background check law making California safer?

      Gun laws

      6/08/2019

    • California's gun laws are among the strictest in the nation. But are they working?

      Gun laws

      29/07/2019

    • California Rifle & Pistol Association calls on US District Judge to halt background checks for ammunition sales

      Gun laws

      24/07/2019

    • Exemptions Could Doom Bill which defines workers' roles in the gig economy

      Work and Trade Unions

      12/07/2019

    • Governor Newsom fires state secretary of natural resources following doubling of fracking permits

      Business and industrial policy, Energy policy, Gubernatorial politics

      12/07/2019

    • Newsom signs fire property damage fund bill

      Energy policy, Gubernatorial politics, Natural disasters

      12/07/2019

    • Electrical utility overhaul is a dicey one

      Energy policy, Natural disasters

      11/07/2019

    • Concern among some Golden State cities that financial stability bill will hurt their own plans for public utilities

      Energy policy, Urban regional and rural policy

      11/07/2019

    • California needs to build more apartments

      Housing

      11/07/2019

    • Now we'll see if State Supreme Court's past tax ruling was just an exception

      Taxation

      10/07/2019

    • Supreme Court Needs to Decide Tax Vote Requirements for Initiatives

      Justice and the courts, Taxation

      10/07/2019

    • State edges towards ban on sales of new fur

      Business and industrial policy, Cultural issues

      10/07/2019

    • New bill would allow state's student athletes to profit from usage of their name and image

      Education

      10/07/2019

    • Why the youth vote could make all the difference in San Diego County races next year

      Voting and electoral systems

      9/07/2019

    • How NCAA Athletes and Your Privacy are Linked

      Cultural issues

      9/07/2019

    • Why Trump should stay on the California ballot in 2020

      Federal elections

      9/07/2019

    • State's health insurance marketplace announces lowest ever increase in premiums for individuals

      Healthcare

      9/07/2019

    • Many of the state's cities and counties have been forced to redraw their electoral maps over last ten years

      Voting and electoral systems

      9/07/2019

    • Voters in San Diego may be able to vote in new ways in forthcoming elections

      Voting and electoral systems

      8/07/2019

    • State insurance commissioner will give back funds from companies with ties to the industry

      Business and industrial policy

      8/07/2019

    • State appeals court denies AG's request to withhold state's shooting and police misconduct files

      Justice and the courts, Policing

      8/07/2019

    • Governor Newsom will likely sign bill setting tougher police deadly force standard

      Gubernatorial politics, Policing

      8/07/2019

    • State to rethink rules for charter schools

      Education

      8/07/2019

    • State Senate passes bill which would protect state energy utilities from wildfire costs

      Energy policy, Natural disasters

      8/07/2019

    • California earthquakes crack foundations of town of Trona

      Natural disasters, Urban regional and rural policy

      8/07/2019

    • Fewer needles on San Francisco mass transit showing increase in fentanyl use

      Drug policy

      7/07/2019

    • Top insurance regulator accepted thousands from industry execs

      State government

      7/07/2019

    • Confronting rising seas in the Golden State

      Climate Change

      7/07/2019

    State Facts and Figures

    • Governor

      • Governor
        Gavin Newsom
      • Governor's Party
        Democrat
      • Running for re-election?
        No
      • General Election
        Nov 6 2018
      • Primary Election
        Jun 5 2018
      • Open or Closed Primary
        Open
      • Governor and Lieutenant Governor on same ticket
        No
    • Lieutenant Governor

      • Lieutenant Governor
        Gavin Newsom
      • Lieutenant Governor's Party
        Democrat
      • General Election
        Nov 6 2018
      • Primary Election
        Jun 5 2018
      • Open or Closed Primary
        Open
    • Attorney General

      • Attorney General
        Xavier Becerra
      • Attorney General Party
        Democrat
      • General Election
        Nov 6 2018
      • Primary Election
        Jun 5 2018
    • State Senate

      • Length of Term (Years)
        4
      • Term Limits
        3
      • Scheduled Session 2018
        Jan 3 - Aug 31
      • Total Members
        40
      • Number who are Democrats
        29
      • Number who are Republicans
        11
      • Number who are POC
        8
      • Percentage who are POC
        20%
      • Number who are men
        30
      • Percentage who are men
        75%
      • Number who are women
        9
      • Percentage who are women
        23%
      • General Election
        Nov 6 2018
      • Primary Election
        Jun 5 2018
    • State Assembly

      • Length of Term (Years)
        2
      • Term Limits
        12 years
      • Scheduled Session 2018
        Jan 3 - Aug 31
      • Total Members
        80
      • Number who are Democrats
        60
      • Number who are Republicans
        20
      • Number who are POC
        39
      • Percentage who are POC
        49%
      • Number who are men
        60
      • Percentage who are men
        75%
      • Number who are women
        20
      • Percentage who are women
        25%
      • General Election
        Nov 6 2018
      • Primary Election
        Jun 5 2018
    • Representation in Congress

      • Senior Senator
        Dianne Feinstein
      • Party
        Democrat
      • Next Election
        2024
      • Junior Senator
        Kamala Harris
      • Junior Senators Party
        Democrat
      • Next Election Year
        2022
      • U.S. House Democrats
        46
      • U.S. House Republicans
        7
    • Demographics

      • Female, percent
        50.3%
      • White alone, percent
        72.4%
      • Black or African American alone, percent
        6.5%
      • American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent
        1.6%
      • Asian alone, percent
        15.2%
      • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent
        0.5%
      • Two or More Races, percent
        3.9%
      • Hispanic or Latino, percent
        39.1%
      • Number of Veterans, 2012-2016
        1,720,635
      • Percentage of foreign born persons, 2012-2016
        27%
      • Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons aged 5+, 2012-2016
        44%
      • Number of Homeless
        134,278
      • Number of Kids in Foster Care, 2015
        55,983
      • Percentage in Foster Care for 5 or more years
        8%
      • Number in Foster Care per Thousand
        3
    • Economy

      • Minimum wage level in 2018 (Dollars per hour)
        11
      • Annual state budget in Dollars (2016)
        265,894,000,000
      • State Credit Rating as of 2017
        AA-
      • State Debt in Dollars (2014)
        151,715,007,000
      • Maximum State Income Tax Level, Percent
        13.3%
    • Top Export by value, 2017

      • Top 1
        Aircraft engines and parts
      • Top 2
        Machines for semiconductor devices
      • Top 3
        Diamonds
    • Healthcare

      • Children's Uninsured Rate
        2.9%
      • Parents' Uninsured Rate
        11%
      • Medicaid Expansion
        Yes
    • Policy

      • Capital punishment
        No
      • Legalization of cannabis
        Yes, medicinal and recreational
      • Assisted dying and euthanasia
        No
      • Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2012-2016
        28.4
      • Persons in Poverty, Percent
        14.3%
    • Download data (CSV)